H-groups in Seco Material Groups (SMG)
03:24

Since many years, Seco Tools have divided many of the common workpiece materials in to specific groups based on the material type. These major groups were then divided into subgroups which used to be based on the difficulty to machine. But a couple of years ago it went through a huge makeover and all the subgroups were separated based on their type of material. This was done to improve the logic in the split between the material groups. During this work, a number of new major groups were also added.

The major groups are now:

  • Steels, ferritic and martensitic stainless steels – P
    • 10 subgroups
  • Hard materials – H 
    • 8 subgroups 
  • Austenitic and duplex stainless steels – M 
    • 5 subgroups
  • Cast irons – K 
    • 7 subgroups
  • Non-ferrous metals – N
    • 4 subgroups
  • Superalloys and titanium – S
    • 6 subgroups 
  • Other difficult materials – Various
    • 6 subgroups
  • Polymers and composites – Tx
    • 8 subgroups
  • Graphite – GR 
    • 1 subgroup 

This means that the materials in their un-hardened state can be found in the sub-P-groups, but after hardening they will be found in the corresponding sub-H-group. The cutting data recommendations will also change due to this and will be fully reflected in MyPages in both Suggest and Product Search.

For hard turning applications, the major groups are the H-groups where every group has a reference material with reference hardness, as you can see in the table below. The H-groups H3-H12 corresponds to at least one of the P-groups. H3 corresponds to P2 and P3, H5 corresponds to P4 and P5 and so on. H11 corresponds only to P11 and H12 corresponds only to P12.


This means that most of the common steels that are hardenable or considered to be hard and abrasive are found in both P- and H-groups. However, the manganese steels and hard irons are only found in the H-groups H21 and H31 since they do not have a purely soft state.


For more information, please contact your local Seco representative, or our Advanced material (PCBN/PCD/CERAMIC) team.




Author:
Stefan G Larsson Fritz
Product Specialist SECOMAX PCBN/PCD/CERAMIC
SECO TOOLS AB
737 82 Fagersta, Sweden
Office +4622340572
Mobile +46761367807
email:stefan.g.larsson@secotools.com





























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Machining a CV joint – full of intermittent challenges!
02:22


One of the most vital parts in the drive line on a front wheel driven car, and some rear driven cars with individual suspension, is the CV joint. The design of the component makes it possible to keep a constant velocity of the drive wheel regardless of steering angle of the wheel, hence the name – CV joint. There are two main types – the inner CV joint which is the one closest to the gearbox and the outer CV joint closest to the wheel hub.

Focus in this post is on the outer CV joint which contain three main parts that are all hard turned and contain very heavy interruptions. Machining of the housing has been shown in an older post https://cbnexpert.blogspot.se/2016/02/secomax-ch3515.html.



One of the latest successes we have on these components is on the ball cage where we tripled the tool life. We lost 8s of cycle time but that was not a problem at this customer. The increase in tool life was valued much higher by the customer.

For more information, please contact your local Seco representative, or our Advanced material (PCBN/PCD/CERAMIC) team.




Author:
Stefan G Larsson Fritz
Product Specialist SECOMAX PCBN/PCD/CERAMIC
SECO TOOLS AB
737 82 Fagersta, Sweden
Office +4622340572
Mobile +46761367807
email:stefan.g.larsson@secotools.com

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Secomax™ The HPT grade chain
23:00

It can be difficult to define application area just by looking at a drawing


It isn´t just the level of interruptions that’s defining an application area. It´s many other process factors that will affect the choice of PCBN grade. A drawing on the finished part explains just the properties of the component. Factors like Machine tool, clamping, workpiece stability, variations from the green turning, workpiece stability, etc. are factors that actually can “move” an application from what on the drawing looks like a H05 application to a H15 and in some extreme cases from H05 to H25.


 Example: Large variation from the green turning on a Pinion “moved” the application from what on the drawing looked as a H05 to in the reality a H25 application. (From CH0550 to CH2540)





















For more information, please contact your local Seco representative, or our Advanced material (PCBN/PCD/CERAMIC) team.



Author:
Per Ola Jönander
Product Specialist SECOMAX PCBN/PCD/CERAMIC
SECO TOOLS AB
737 82 Fagersta, Sweden
Office +4622340818
Mobile +46703163555 email:perola.jonander@secotools.com

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